S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute of Humanities (인문학연구원) Journal of humanities (인문논총) Journal of Humanities vol.50 (2003) (인문논총)
목적론적 자연관에 대한 재검토
A Reexamination of the Teleological View of the Nature
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 인문대학 인문학연구원
- 인문논총, Vol.50, pp. 127-161
- It is broadly recognized that the modern technological civilization was
made possible on the basis of the modern view of nature which
understands the nature as mathematically quantifiable res extensa. Galilei
and Descartes, the pioneers of this view of nature, thought that human
beings can emancipate themselves from the status of natures slavery by
utilizing modern science itself. Well, this view of nature can contribute to
the emancipation of human beings only if they are not a part of the nature.
Because human beings are born and die in the nature, sciences would end
up with eventually objectifying even human beings. While Descartes strictly
distinguishes human consciousness from nature, the contemporary science
investigates even the human consciousness as physical and chemical
The modern view of nature came about as a replacement for the
teleological view of nature. The teleological view dominated the ancient
and the middle ages. The modern view criticized the teleological view as
anthropomorphic. But the modern view denies even the subjectivity of human beings, when it distinguishes the nature from human beings in order
to avoid the error of anthropomorphism. The human beings have been
degraded to the passive factors that are determined by objective conditions.
In this paper, I investigate the justifiability of immanent teleology and its
significance for our age. I argue that immanent teleology can provide a
philosophical basis for the symbiosis of nature and human beings and for
the mutual respect of human beings. This paper is composed of three parts.
In the first part, the modern view of the nature and its problematic are
investigated. In the second part, the teleological view of the nature, its
justifiability and the traditional arguments against it are investigated. In the
third part, the significance of the teleological view of nature for our
technological age is investigated.