S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Pharmacology (약리학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_약리학전공)
Erythroid cell-specific alpha-globin gene regulation by the CP2 transcription factor family
- Kang, Ho Chul; Chae, Ji Hyung; Lee, Yeon Ho; Park, Mi-Ae; Shin, June Ho; Kim, Sung-Hyun; Ye, Sang-Kyu; Cho, Yoon Shin; Fiering, Steven; Kim, Chul Geun
- Issue Date
- American Society for Microbiology
- Mol. Cell Biol. 25:6005-6020
- Alternative Splicing; Animals; Cell Differentiation; Cells, Cultured; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/*metabolism; Dimerization; Erythroid Cells/*metabolism; Gene Expression; Globins/*genetics; Humans; Mice; Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics; Protein Inhibitors of Activated STAT; Protein Isoforms/genetics/metabolism; Proteins/*metabolism; RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/*metabolism; Transcription Factors/genetics/*metabolism; *Transcriptional Activation
- We previously demonstrated that ubiquitously expressed CP2c exerts potent erythroid-specific transactivation of alpha-globin through an unknown mechanism. This mechanism is reported here to involve specific CP2 splice variants and protein inhibitor of activated STAT1 (PIAS1). We identify a novel murine splice isoform of CP2, CP2b, which is identical to CP2a except that it has an additional 36 amino acids encoded by an extra exon. CP2b has an erythroid cell-specific transcriptional activation domain, which requires the extra exon and can form heteromeric complexes with other CP2 isoforms, but lacks the DNA binding activity found in CP2a and CP2c. Transcriptional activation of alpha-globin occurred following dimerization between CP2b and CP2c in erythroid K562 and MEL cells, but this dimerization did not activate the alpha-globin promoter in nonerythroid 293T cells, indicating that an additional erythroid factor is missing in 293T cells. PIAS1 was confirmed as a CP2 binding protein by the yeast two-hybrid screen, and expression of CP2b, CP2c, and PIAS1 in 293T cell induced alpha-globin promoter activation. These results show that ubiquitously expressed CP2b exerts potent erythroid cell-specific alpha-globin gene expression by complexing with CP2c and PIAS1.
- 0270-7306 (Print)
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