S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute of Humanities (인문학연구원) Journal of humanities (인문논총) Journal of Humanities vol.55 (2006) (인문논총)
환유 표현의 의미특성 : Characteristics of Meaning in Metonymic Expressions
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 인문대학 인문학연구원
- 인문논총, Vol.55, pp. 265-300
- This paper discusses characteristics of meaning in conceptual metonymic
expressions. The conclusions are as follows.
First, metonymy is one of the most basic and powerful cognitive tools for
extending meaning and conceptualizing abstract categories in all levels of
production and understanding, and everyday language is an invaluable store of
Second, conceptual metonymy is a cognitive process in which an entity or
vehicle evokes a mental access to another entity or target when the two
entities are in the relation of proximity in the same domain.
Third, aspects of metonymic expressions are very various and systematic, and
three major aspects are extended reference, diminutive reference, and mutual
Fourth, conceptual metonymy can be explained as a process in which a
vehicle in the relation of proximity obtains a semantic mapping to a target. The
vehicle, as a reference point, is motivated by communicative needs. In this case,
the conspicuous preferred principle determining the vehicles choice is relative and context-dependent.
Fifth, metonymic expressions are the results of efficient strategies which have
the effects of economy, efficiency, reality, novelty, and circumlocution.