미수(眉叟)의 「악설」(樂說) 5편과 악의 이해 : Misu Heo-Mok(眉叟 許穆) Ak-Sul(樂說) and the theory of music

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서울대학교 인문대학 인문학연구원
인문논총, Vol.58, pp. 273-300
Misu Heo-Mok has the school tradition of Classical Studies because he
has interest in not the doctrine of Chu-Hsi but the Six Classics(六經) as
classical text. When he writes the 20 volumes of the Keong-Sul(經說) as his
classical approaches, he present the five volumes of the Ak-Sul(樂說).
Understanding the principle and functions of the Ak-Keong(樂經) in the Six
Classics, he concentrates in arranging scriptures as his own method.
Although the Ak-sul is not his own theory and explanation of Ak(樂) but
editing of scriptures, we can find some characteristic features of his
viewpoint and understanding about Ak through the structure and contents
of his Ak-Sul.
First, it is important that he tries to understand Ak with the recognition
of the system of the Six Classics. In the system of the Six Classsics, the
Ak-Keong as lost texts could be treated more carefully. He places a great
deal of weight about Ak and treats the Ak-Sul as the important part of
the Keong-Sul.
Second, He construes Ak with one consistent system. As he edits
scriptures and old texts to the 5 volumes(Ak-Sul) by choosing and
arranging, he presents his theory of Ak. In the Ak-Sul, writing the basic
principle and constitutive system of Ak(in the first volume) and explaining
the aspect that Ak developes and is revealed(in the second volume), he
explains the structure of substance-function(體用) of Ak. After he explains
variations and vices which are produced in the operation of Ak(in the third
volume), he presents the relation between symptoms of disease and
prescription(in the fourth volume). In the fifth volume, illuminating the
feature of sound and the function of musical instruments, he writes the
institution and the system for performing Ak.
Third, he ascertains that Ak is a viewpoint which penetrates from the
inside of human to the social and natural order. He thinks Ak is the
fundamental theme because it function from the moral culture to the
edification of politics.
Fourth, as he writes 5 volumes of the Ak-Sul, he uses manifold
documents such as scriptures of ancient China(先秦), the text of all
philosophers and scholars(諸子百家) and old texts of Han Dynasty(漢).
However, not using the arguments about Ak of Song Dynasty(宋), he
conducts his approaches in the school tradition of Classical Studies
On the whole, his understanding of Ak is one of the trial to find the
archetype of Ak in that he arranges the arguments about the principles and
actualities of Ak in the various old texts and scriptures. For that purpose,
he includes the Ak-Sul in the part of the Keong-Sul and tries to illuminate
the aspect of the Ak-Keong as the part of the Six Classics. Although he
treats manifold arguments about Ak and even the system of musical
instruments, he just only arranges various description about Ak in the
ancient China. And it is noticeable features that he excludes the aspect
using Ak and theoretical developments of the future.
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Institute of Humanities (인문학연구원)Journal of humanities (인문논총)Journal of Humanities vol.58 (2007) (인문논총)
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