S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Center for Social Sciences (사회과학연구원) 한국사회과학 한국사회과학 vol.30 (2009)
양심적 병역거부자, 어떻게 할 것인가?: '대체복무제도에 대한 전문가 의식조사'를 중심으로
How can We Deal with Conscientious Objectors to Military Services? Focusing on Survey Research on Alternative Military Services in South Korea
- 김세균; 공석기; 임재성
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 사회과학연구원
- 한국사회과학, Vol.30, pp. 3-43
- This study examines what Korean professionals including national assemblymen,
lawyers, professors, religious and journalists think of enacting alternative military services
and what policies they would prefer concerning. The study chooses the sample by using
focus group sampling and collects data with a questionnaire survey of 1500 professionals.
554 respondents of the target sample replied to it by email, mail, fax or in person. Our
questions focuse on three themes, which are composed of professionals??general attitude
on the alternative military service, their evaluation of the 2007 proposal by Ministry of
National Defense, and their opinion on principles and management in new alternative
services. At first, we found that professionals almost agree with the application of
alternative military services to conscientious objectors (85%) even if they are a little bit
concerned about applicant??s rush and demoralizing of other soldiers. Second,
professionals seemed to extend the scope of conscientious objectors into advocates of antiwar
and peace even if they emphasize the longer period and hard place in military service.
Third, whereas national assemblymen are conservative, journalists are progressive
concerning the issue. We believe that the study contribute to going beyond previous legal
studies and providing concrete alternatives concerning the alternative military services.