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Beta-catenin overexpression augments angiogenesis and skeletal muscle regeneration through dual mechanism of vascular endothelial growth factor-mediated endothelial cell proliferation and progenitor cell mobilization

Cited 55 time in Web of Science Cited 57 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Kwang-il; Cho, Hyun-Ju; Hahn, Joo-Yong; Kim, Tae-Youn; Park, Kyung-Woo; Koo, Bon-Kwon; Shin, Chan Soo; Kim, Cheol-Ho; Oh, Byung-Heeh; Lee, Myoung-Mook; Park, Young-Bae; Kim, Hyo-Soo
Issue Date
2005-10-29
Publisher
American Heart Association
Citation
Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 2006;26(1):91-98
Keywords
AnimalsApoptosis/physiologyCell Division/physiologyCells, CulturedEndothelial Cells/*cytology/physiologyGene Expression/physiologyGene Transfer TechniquesHindlimbHumansHypertrophyIschemia/pathology/*physiopathologyMaleMiceMice, Inbred C57BLMuscle Fibers, Skeletal/*cytology/physiologyMuscle, Skeletal/pathology/physiologyNeovascularization, Physiologic/*physiologyRegeneration/physiologySignal Transduction/physiologyStem Cells/*cytology/physiologyUmbilical Veins/cytologybeta Catenin/*genetics/metabolism
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Beta-catenin plays a critical role in directing cell fate during embryogenesis, and uncontrollable activation leads to cancers, suggesting its importance in cell survival and proliferation. However, little is known regarding its role in endothelial cell (EC) and skeletal muscle proliferation and progenitor cell mobilization. METHODS AND RESULTS: Beta-catenin enhanced ECs proliferation, protected ECs from apoptosis, and increased the capillary forming capabilities, which was completely blocked by inhibition of its nuclear translocation. In addition, the increased proliferation by beta-catenin was associated with increased expression of cyclin E2. In skeletal myocytes, beta-catenin overexpression increased proliferation with cyclin D1 expression, decreased apoptosis, and induced hypertrophy. Furthermore, beta-catenin induced the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in skeletal myocytes, resulting in EC proliferation. In a mouse hindlimb ischemia model, beta-catenin significantly increased recovery of blood perfusion, capillary density along with enhanced VEGF expression, and the number of proliferating ECs and myocytes. Local delivery of beta-catenin also promoted angiogenic progenitor cell mobilization and increased the number of satellite cells. CONCLUSIONS: Beta-catenin may be an important modulator of angiogenesis and myocyte regeneration not only by directly enhancing proliferation and survival of ECs and skeletal myocytes but also by inducing VEGF expression and promoting angiogenic progenitor cell mobilization and muscle progenitor cell activation.
ISSN
1524-4636 (Electronic)
Language
English
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=16254206

https://hdl.handle.net/10371/39197
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1161/01.ATV.0000193569.12490.4b
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Molecular and Genomic Medicine (분자유전체의학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_분자유전체의학전공)
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