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Age at menarche and its influencing factors in North Korean female refugees

Cited 15 time in Web of Science Cited 22 time in Scopus
Authors
Ku, Seung-Yup; Kang, Jong Won; Kim, Heon; Kim, Yong Dae; Jee, Byung Chul; Suh, Chang Suk; Choi, Young Min; Kim, Jung Gu; Moon, Shin Yong; Kim, Seok Hyun
Issue Date
2005-10-04
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Citation
Hum Reprod. 2006 Mar;21(3):833-6. Epub 2005 Sep 30.
Keywords
Adolescent*Age FactorsAlcohol DrinkingChildDietEmigration and ImmigrationFemaleHumansKoreaMenarche/*physiologyParityPregnancyQuestionnaires*RefugeesReligionSleep/physiology
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Age at menarche is known to be regulated by genetic and environmental factors. To date, no menarcheal data are available on North Korean women. In this cross-sectional survey, we investigated age at menarche and its possible influencing factors in North Korean refugees. METHODS: Four hundred and eleven North Korean refugees were surveyed at a North Korean female refugee camp using a structured questionnaire within 3 months of immigration. Menarcheal age was requested and the data obtained were analysed with respect to age at interview, region of residence in North Korea, education, food preference and sleep duration. RESULTS: Mean age at menarche was 16.0+/-2.1 years (mean+/-SD). Univariate analysis demonstrated a significant difference in the menarcheal age among the different food preference groups (P=0.0236). Sleep duration was found to be significantly and negatively correlated with age at menarche (R=-0.23, P<0.0001). However, generalized linear model (GLM) analysis revealed that region of residence at menarche (P=0.0209) and sleep duration (P=0.0007) were significant determinants. Food preference played a role as an effect modifier in the relationship between the region of residence at menarche and age at menarche. CONCLUSION: Age at menarche seemed to be delayed in North Korean refugees. GLM analysis showed that sleep duration and region of residence at menarche were significant influencing factors of age at menarche in this study population.
ISSN
0268-1161 (Print)
Language
English
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=16199433

http://hdl.handle.net/10371/44022
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/dei271
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Molecular and Genomic Medicine (분자유전체의학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_분자유전체의학전공)
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