S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.07 (1998)
일본의 신민족주의(新民族主義)운동 - '자유주의사관'(自由主義史觀) 운동을 중심으로
NEO-NATIONALIST MOVEMENT IN JAPAN: FOCUSING ON THE MOVEMENT OF "LIBERALIST VIEW OF HISTORY"
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국제지역원
- 국제지역연구, Vol.07 No.3, pp. 1-21
- Recently, the social movement for so called "sound" nationalism led by the intellectuals is being widely spread in Japan. It is the movement of "Liberalist View of History(LVH). The intellectuals of this movement insist on re-evaluation of Japanese modem history in order for the young people to have the pride of Japan. This movement seems to lead full bloom of neo-nationalism in Japan where nationalist movements became weak after the war. In this paper I aim to investigate the characteristics of the LVH movement. In order to trace the development process of this movement, I examin the pre-war nationalist movement which arose in the beginning of the modernization period and led to the war, and the post-war situation where nationalist movement became weaker. While the pre-war nationalist movement began in the civil area and then became a state-led movement, the recent neo-nationalist movement has been developed mostly by the intellectuals and civil organizations who have been closely connected with the increasingly conservative state. The pre-war nationalist movement absorbed civil groups one by one, and finally at war time, almost all groups were integrated into this movement. After the war it was also very difficult to find the movement struggling against the conservative state or nationalism since new left movement in the 1960s. However, recently, there is a formation of a critical power having real sincerity and integrity though it is small scale. We can easily predict that this neo-nationalist movement will continuously expand within a short considerable period of time, and cooperation with the state will intensify during a long economic depression. The question remains whether this movement will incorporate all social areas and whether it will become state-led.