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Rethinking Procrastination: Positive Effects of "Active" Procrastination Behavior on Attitudes and Performance

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Authors
Chu, Angela Hsin Chun; Choi, Jin Nam
Issue Date
2005-06
Publisher
Heldref Publications
Citation
The Journal of Social Psychology, 145, 245-264
Keywords
coping strategiesprocrastinationself-efficacytime management
Abstract
Researchers and practitioners have long regarded procrastination as a self-handicapping and dysfunctional behavior. In the present study, the authors proposed that not all procrastination behaviors either are harmful or lead to negative consequences. Specifically, the authors differentiated two types of procrastinators: passive procrastinators versus active procrastinators. Passive procrastinators are procrastinators in the traditional sense. They are paralyzed by their indecision to act and fail to complete tasks on time. In contrast, active procrastinators are a "positive" type of procrastinator. They prefer to work under pressure, and they make deliberate decisions to procrastinate. The present results showed that although active procrastinators procrastinate to the same degree as passive procrastinators, they are more similar to nonprocrastinators than to passive procrastinators in terms of purposive use of time, control of time, self-efficacy belief, coping styles, and outcomes including academic performance. The present findings offer a more sophisticated understanding of procrastination behavior and indicate a need to reevaluate its implications for outcomes of individuals.
ISSN
0022-4545
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/47196
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3200/SOCP.145.3.245-264
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College of Business Administration/Business School (경영대학/대학원)Dept. of Business Administration (경영학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_경영학과)
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