S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
방사선 조사 후 어린 흰쥐 혀의 버섯유두에서 NCAM에 대한 면역조직화학적 연구
- 정승일; 백기석; 허민석; 이혜진; 이승표
- Issue Date
- 대한해부학회지 35(3):211-217, 2002
- Radiotherapy in the treatment of head and neck cancers is often used either alone or in addition to surgery. Radiation disrupts the proliferative capacity of the cancer while doing as little damage as possible to the normal tissue. Nevertheless, conventional radiotherapy of advanced head and neck tumors is frequently associated with severe oropharyngeal mucositis. The fungiform papillae are found on the dorsal surface of the anterior 2/3 of the tongue and have one taste bud which always located on the superior side. In recent years, many study have demonstrated the location of neuropeptides in the intragemmal cells of the taste buds. We used neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) in this study. NCAM is a membrane surface glycoprotein found in neural tissue that functions in cell -cell interactions such as adhesion and recognition and may contribute to neuronal and receptoneural synaptogenesis. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no study about NCAM in relation to dysgeusia, especially after radiotherapy. Therefore, we studied the change of the expression of NCAM in the fungiform papilla of the young rat tongue following single dose radiation.
Twenty days old 18 Sprague -Dawley rats were used. Twelve rats were irradiated with a single dose of 17 Gy gamma radiation. We sacrificed rats 1, 7, 20 days after radiation. The anterior part of tongues were removed and cut into at 30 micro gram on a cryocut. Using the free floating method, we immunostained sections.
In control group, NCAM is expressed on some intragemmal cells which were located in the center of the bud and intragemmal nerve fibers. NCAM -immunoreactive (ir) perigemmal nerve fibers were rare, however basal plexus fibers and subpapillary nerve bundle showed strong immunoreactivity. One day after radiation, taste buds had no detectable changes of the expression of NCAM.However, seven days after radiation, the number of NCAM -ir intragemmal cells was reduced and the shape of ir cells was deformed. Immunoreactivity of basal plexus fibers and subpapillary nerve bundle was also decreased. The surface of the papilla was transformed into dome shape. Twenty days after radiation, overall forms of buds were recovered except a few deformed NCAM -ir intragemmal cells.
NCAM was expressed in the intragemmal cells which are thought to be related with taste sensation, and we speculate that NCAM participate synaptogenesis. However, more studies using immunoelectron microscopic method are required.
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