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전부 도재관을 위한 지대치의 마무리선 형태와 절단연 삭제량 및 교합력 작용점에 따른 응력 분포에 관한 삼차원 유한요소법적 연구
THREE-DIMENSIONAL FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF STRESS DISTRIBUTION IN ALL-CERAMIC CROWNS WITH VARIOUS FINISH LINE DESIGNS AND INCISAL REDUCTIONS UNDER DIFFERENT LOADING CONDITIONS

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Issue Date
1997
Publisher
대한치과보철학회
Citation
35(4) , 1997
Keywords
All-ceramic crownFinish line designAmount of incisal reductionLoading condition3-dimensional finite elelment method
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of finish line design, amount of incisal reduction, and loading condition on the stress distribution in anterior all-ceramic crowns. Three-dimensional finite element models of an incisor all-ceramic crown with 3 different finish line designs : 1) shoulder with sharp line angle 2) shoulder with rounded line angle 3) chamfer : and 2 different incisal reductions : 2mm and 4mm were developed. 300 N force with the direction of 45 degree to the long axis of the tooth was applied at 3 different positions : A) incisal 1/3, B) incisal edge, C) cervical 1/5. Stresses developed in ceramic and cement were analyzed using three-dimensional finite element method. The results were as follows : 1. Stresses were concentrated in the margin region, which were primarily compressive in the labial and tensile in the lingual. 2. Stresses were larger in the area near line angle than on the crown surface of the margin region. In case of shoulder with sharp line angle, stresses were highly concentrated in the porcelain near line angle. 3. At the interface between porcelain and cement and at the porcelain above the margin on crown surface, stresses were the highest in chamfer, and decreased in shoulder with sharp line angle and shoulder with rounded line angle, respectively. 4. At the interface between cement and abutment on crown surface, stresses were the highest in shoulder with sharp line angle, and decreased in shoulder with rounded line angle and chamfer, respectively. 5. The amount of incisal reduction had little influence on the stress distribution in all-ceramic crowns. 6. When load was applied at the incisal edge, higher stresses were developed in the margin region and the incisal edge than under the other loading conditions. 7. When load was applied at the cervical 1/5, stresses were very low as a whole.
ISSN
0301-2875
Language
Korean
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/47597
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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