S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
인산용액의 농도 및 적용시간 차이에 따른 상아질 표면의 형태적 변화
MORPHOLOGIC CHANGE OF DENTIN SURFACE ACCORDING TO THE DIFFERENCE IN CONCENTRATION AND APPLICATION TIME OF PHOSPHORIC ACID
- 김명수; 온영석; 이광원; 손호현
- Issue Date
- 대한치과보존학회지 23:141-161, 1998.
- The depth and patterns of demineralization according to the difference in concentration and application time of phosphoric acid were observed through the transmission electron microscope, and shear bond strengths to the acid-conditioned dentin were then measured and compared with the TEM results. To investigate the influence of polymer addition into the phosphoric acid and the effect of difference in concentration and application time of the acid, the specimens were randomly divided into 9 groups. Among the specimens, the exposed dentin surfaces were acid-conditioned with 10% polymer-thickened phosphoric acid(All Bond 2, Bisco, U.S.A.) and aqueous 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% phosphoric acid for 20 seconds, The rest of the specimens were acid-conditioned with 10% phosphoric acid for 15s, 30s, 60s, 120s respectively. The specimens were immersed in 4% glutaraldehyde in 0.1M sodium cacodylate buffer and postfixed with 1% osmium tetroxide without decalcification and then observed under a JEOL Transmission Electron Microscope(JEM 1200 EX��,Japan). After the specimens were acid-conditioned as the above, primer and adhesive resin were applied to blot-dried dentin and shear bond strengths were then measured and analysed.
The results were as follows :
1. The intertubular demineralization depth of 4.0-5.0 in 10% polymer-thickened phosphoric acid gels was similar or slightly deeper than that of 4.0-4.5 in aqueous 10% phosphoric acid solution.
2. The intertubular demineralization depth of aqueous 20%, 30% and 40% phosphoric acid solution was 6.5-7.0, 6.5-7.5 and 9.0-15.0 respectively. It showed that the depth of dentin demineralization is partly related to the concentration of phosphoric acid solution.
3. The intertubular demineralization depth of aqueous 10% phosphoric acid solution in application time for 15s, 30s, 60s and 120s was 2.5-3.0, 4.0-6.0, 6.5-7.0 and 8.5-14.0 respectively. It showed that the depth of dentin demineralization is directly related tothe application time of phosphoric acid solution.
4. The partially demineralized dentin layer between demineralized collagen layer and unaffected dentin was showed to a width of 0.5-1.0 in lower concentration groups treated with aqueous 10% phosphoric acid for 20s, 60s, 120s and 20% phosphoric acid for 20s.
5. The demineralization effect at the border of intertubular-peritubular junction was less evident than that in the peritubular and intertubular dentin. The collagen fibers in the intertubular dentin had a random orientation, whereas those that lined the tubules were circumferentially aligned. The cross-linkage of dentinal collagen in demineralized collagen layer was clearly seen.
6. A statistically significant difference of bond strengths according to the difference in phosphoric acid concentration did not exist among the groups treated with 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% acid solution (P>0.05). However, bond strengths to the treated dentin with 10% phosphoric acid solution for 30s were significantly higher than that for 120s (P<0.05).