S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Religious Studies (종교학과) 종교학연구(Journal of Religious Studies) 종교학연구(Journal of Religious Studies) 25집(2006)
호모 파베르의 히에로파니
Homo Faber`s Hierophany: M. Eliade, Forgerons et Alchimist
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 종교학연구회
- 종교학연구, Vol.25, pp. 93-106
- The Purpose of this paper is to examine the relation between the ritual and the labor by reinterpreting Forgerons et Alchimistes by Mircea Eliade. There are two available approach to this theme. The first one is the social scientific approach, which deals the ritual as the labor. As a conscious manipulation of matter by a human being, every ritual can be explained by a labor process, and to analyze that process will be the best way to achieve our purpose. The second approach, which regards the labor as the ritual, is the other in Eliadian tradition. Eliade mentioned that farm labor is a rite because of five reasons in Patterns in Comparative Religion. We can apply this mention to other labors, particularly mining works. We need to accept both two approach. Eliadian tradition shows the religious meaning of labor and social scientific tradition shows the structure of the ritual as the labor. By this mean, we can understand the dialectic of the ritual and the labor. Every labor can become a ritual, and every ritual can be practiced only by the labor process like "transferring" from a territory into another or "maturing" by substituting the time. Eliade's method is a useful model to study a human being who is both homo faber and homo religiosus. However, the comparative study of religion needs to succeed to and develop his heritage in order to study the theme "human labor and religion."