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민주화 선호경향과 통일의식 간의 관계 분석 : 통일정책에 대한 한 제언 : The Relationship between Democracy Inclination and Unification Perception: A Recommendation to the Unification Policy

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Institute for peace and unification studies(서울대학교 통일평화연구소)
Journal of peace and unification studies, Vol.2, pp. 63-102
unification policydemocracy inclinationunification perceptionstrong democracy inclination group
In these days South Korea has faced some difficulties in pursuing the
unification policy effectively. The civil society groups divided into left and
right to the political orientation. And this causes serious south-south conflicts
to the unification policy. Additionally among the Koreans, the desires and
wishes toward unification have diminishing sharply. There seems no main
group who devotes eagerly or sincerely to the unification problem.
At this moment, I have recalled the democratization process of Korea
which was once regarded as impossible or unrealistic to achieve. I assumed
that the democratization could be finally accomplished owing to the existence
of extensive ordinary peoples who hoped and preferred democracy.
If reviewing the recent Korean history, it might be concluded that democratization
activated and progressed the unification circumstances. Only after
the democratization, the Korean government set up more positive declarations
and plans about the unification and even reached basic agreements
between North and South from the end of 1980 to the early of 1990,
For the analysis, using the national survey datum which were initiated by
IPUS(Institute for Peace and Unifications Studies), I classified the people
along the opinions to the democracy. First, I extracted the democracy
inclination variable by factor analysis. Then, I grouped the people into three according to democratic preference score. I named the three groups, as
strong democracy inclination group(SDIG), medium democracy inclination
group(MDIG), and weak democracy inclination group(WDIG).
Next, I examined the relationship between democratic inclination and
unification perception. The main findings are as follows. First, in the
unification perceptions, SDIG has more desire and wish to the unification
comparing to MDIG and WDIG. SDIG has positive and future-oriented
perspective to the unification. SDIG might become main supporter to
carrying future unification policy.
Second, to the perception of North Korea, though the SDIG has different
perceptions in some area, SDIG often shows similar perceptions with other
groups. This means that, in contrast to left and right demarcation, groups
divided by democratic inclination might not initiate south-south conflicts to
the unification policy.
Third, SDIG strongly supports government unification policies which shares
democratic values. But government drives a policy which is not in line with
democratic values, SDIG not only withdraws support but blames the policy and
government. So I suggest that government should pursue democratic unification
policy to form the civil society governance in the realm of unification.
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