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Use of forest resources, traditional forest-related knowledge and livelihood of forest dependent communities: Cases in South Korea

Cited 39 time in Web of Science Cited 46 time in Scopus
Authors
Youn, Yeo-Chang
Issue Date
2009
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Forest Ecology and Management 257(10), 2027-2034
Keywords
AccessibilityForest resource useLivelihoodMountain villagersTraditional knowledge
Abstract
The patterns of forest resource use in South Korea have been overviewed along with the forest resource
availability to the forest users and in relation to the socio-economic conditions of local people. In South
Korea, forest income arises more from non-timber forest products (NTFPs) and forest ecosystems
services than from timber. The relationship between availability of forest resources and income of
residents inmountainous villages was addressed with statistical analysis of results of household surveys
conducted in Gangwon-do Province. The result indicates that the mere existence of forest resources and
related cultural heritages is not enough for local communities to obtain income from forest land. Proper
arrangements for local communities in accessing the forest resources and knowledge of making use of
the resources is required tomake the relationship constructive for peoples livelihood. Jointmanagement
agreement between forest communities and the forest owner serves both parties for sustainable forest
management in Korea as seen in the case of maple sap collection within Seoul National University
Forests. The traditional knowledge held by local residents is of value for income generation for forest
dependent communities and is considered as an integral part of sustainable forest management as seen
in the case of native honey bee keeping near protected forest areas managed by the national forest
authority. However, traditional cultural values may be positive or negative for ecologically sound forest
management as seen in the pest management policy of the Korean government formulated based on
cultural value rather than considerations of ecosystem health.
ISSN
0378-1127
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/62510
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.01.054
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College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학)Dept. of Forest Sciences (산림과학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_산림과학부)
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