S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
Modulation of the resorption and osteoconductivity and osteoconductivity of alpha-calcium sulfate by histone deacetylase inhibitors
- Choung, Phil-Hoon; Jung, Hong-Moon; Song, Gin-Ah; Lee, Yong-Keun; Baek, Jeong-Hwa; Ryoo, Hyun-Mo; Kim, Gwan-Shik; Woo, Kyung Mi
- Issue Date
- Biomaterials 2010;31:29-37
- Alpha calcium sulfate; Histone deacetylase inhibitors; Bone regeneration; Osteoblasts; Osteoclasts
- Calcium sulfate (CS) is an osteoconductive material with a long history of clinical use. However, its resorptive properties are not optimal for bone regeneration. Recently, histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) have been suggested as bone regeneration tools. In this study, we investigated the effects of the HDIs sodium butyrate and trichostatin A on α-form CS (αCS) performance. MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts cultured on αCS containing either HDI (αCS/HDI) showed higher levels of alkaline phosphatase activity than those cultured on αCS alone. The expression of genes characteristic of the osteoblast phenotype, including Runx2, osteocalcin, and bone sialoprotein, was strongly promoted by αCS/HDI. When cultured on αCS/HDIs, the osteoclastic differentiation of RAW264.7 monocytes was substantially suppressed, as measured by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity and the expression levels of calcitonin receptor and TRAP. Neither HDI affected the CS setting time, compressive strength, or dissolution in a simulated body fluid. In a rat calvarial model of critical size bone defects, αCS/HDIs enhanced osteoblast differentiation, led to new bone formation, and delayed resorption, as confirmed by micro-computed tomography and histological analyses.
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