S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
Concomitant reconstruction of mandibular basal and alveolar bone with a free fibular flap
- Lee, J. H.; Kim, M. J.; Choi, W. S.; Yoon, P. Y.; Ahn, K. M.; Myung, H.; Hwang, S. J.; Seo, B. M.; Choi, J. Y.; Choung, P. H.; Kim, S. M.
- Issue Date
- Int. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 2004; 33: 150–156
- mandibular reconstruction; free fibular flap; mandibular alveolar bone; two-strut reconstruction
- Repair of long-span mandibular defects with a free fibular flap is now a routine procedure. However, the bone height of the neo-mandible after reconstruction with a fibular flap is about half that of the dentulous mandible. When a fibular graft is placed only at the inferior border of the mandible, the resulting vertical discrepancy between the graft segment and the occlusal plane can adversely affect implant mechanics or denture stability and retention.
To overcome these problems, we developed a technique for two-strut type mandibular reconstruction. A vascularized fibular segment is used to reconstruct the inferior basal portion of the neo-mandible, while a non-vascularized residual fibular segment is used to simulate the superior alveolar portion.
We used this technique in 22 patients. Graft survival, graft resorption, and the ability to place implants were assessed as compared with those after the conventional one-strut type technique. The fibular segment grafted to the alveolar region was removed in one patient with intraoral wound dehiscence and in two with postoperative infection. All vascularized fibular flaps were successful. The resorption rate was 13.6±7.2% for non-vascularized segments and 3.0±3.7% for vascularized segments. Dental implants were placed in five of our 22 patients. The crown:fixture length ratio was improved to 1:1.7, as compared with a ratio of 1:1.21 with use of a conventional fibular flap. We conclude that our technique is very easy and safe and provides substantially improved lower-lip and cheek support and implant–prosthetic mechanics than conventional procedures for the repair of long-span mandibular defects.
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