S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Psychiatry (정신과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_정신과학전공)
Dose-dependent effect of intracerebroventricular injection of ouabain on the phosphorylation of the MEK1/2-ERK1/2-p90RSK pathway in the rat brain related to locomotor activity
- Issue Date
- Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2008 ;32(7):1637-42.
- Animals ; Behavior, Animal/drug effects ; Brain/drug effects/*enzymology ; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ; Enzyme Inhibitors/*pharmacology ; Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/*metabolism ; Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/drug effects ; Injections, Intraventricular/methods ; Male ; Motor Activity/*drug effects ; Ouabain/*pharmacology ; Phosphorylation/drug effects ; Rats ; Rats, Sprague-Dawley ; Signal Transduction/*drug effects
- Intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of ouabain, a specific Na-K ATPase inhibitor, induced behavioral changes in rats, a putative animal model for bipolar disorder. The binding of ouabain to Na-K ATPase is known to affect signaling molecules in vitro such as extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 (ERK1/2). Although ERK has been suggested to be related to the behavioral alterations induced by various psychotomimetics, the effect of ouabain on ERK in the brain related to behavioral changes has not been examined. After ICV injection of ouabain in rats, we investigated changes in the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase1/2 (MEK1/2), ERK1/2, and p90 ribosomal s6 kinase (p90RSK) in rat striatum, frontal cortex, and hippocampus along with changes in locomotor activity. Ouabain induced the following biphasic dose-dependent changes in locomotor activity: no change with 10(-6) M, a statistically significant decrease with 10(-5) M, no change with 10(-4) M, and a statistically significant increase with 0.5x10(-3) and 10(-3) M. The phosphorylation level of MEK1/2, ERK1/2, and p90RSK in rat striatum showed dose-dependent changes similar to those observed in locomotor activity with relatively high correlation. The phosphorylation of these molecules in rat frontal cortex and hippocampus also changed in a similar dose-dependent pattern. Taken together, ouabain induced biphasic dose-dependent changes in locomotor activity and the phosphorylation of the ERK1/2 pathway. These findings suggest a possible relationship between ouabain-induced behavioral changes and ERK activity in the brain and suggest an important role of ERK in regulating locomotor activity and mood state.
- 0278-5846 (Print)
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