S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.31 (2003)
김정희의 청대 한송절충론 수용 연구
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.31, pp. 199-228
- The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the study on the Chinese classics of Kim Jung-Hee(金正喜:1786~1856) who was the leader of artists and thinkers in 19th century in Cho-Sun dynasty. As many thinkers in tho6e days did, he also devoted himself to academic attainment rather than to social improvement. Especially he was interested in a positivistic trend of Ching-dynasty's academy.
His thought on the Chinese classics was in the tradition of eclecticism between Han and Sung's academic methods in Cho-Sun. He was more positive on a bibliographical study of Ching-dynasty and studied wider than other eclectics in Cho-Sun. As a result, he could strengthen the system of eclecticism by accepting academic results of two schools. Yang-zhou (楊州) and Chang-zhou (常州) which were the representative schools in positivistic study in 19th century in China. In the first lace, in Yang-zhou School he gave attention to Ruan-Yuan (阮元) and Ling Ting-Kan (凌廷堪). They
criticised idealism of Sung academy and tried to recover the reality of academic idea of ancient China through positivistic spirit of a bibliographical study in the days. They studied the code of ceremonies in ancient China with it's practical and realistic meanings and they aimed to replace li (理) edited two source-books of a commentaries on "Yi-Li (儀禮) and li of Lu (魯禮). He shared the aim to re-establish orthodoxy of Confucianism and to resist its distortion and popularization with Yang-zhou school. Chang-zhou school also studied idea of ancient thoughts in China and had eclecticism between Han and Sung's academic methods as Yang-zhou school did. But they studied with post-Han's academic method especially on "Chun-Qiu(春秋). Kim Jung-Hee praised their scholarship but he turned down their academic scope over Confucianism and left no evidence that he was interested in their aims that would apply scholarship to social problems. Kim Jung-Hee accepted just academism and Confucianism from bibliographical study of China at least judging from existing data. And he overcame the beginning stage of eclecticism between Han and Sung's academic methods in Cho-Sun that just claimed the principle by presenting strengthened method. However, his academic accomplishment was given no attention in his days and his thoughts was realized through his art theory by basing the definition of art and art-criticism on his thoughts.