S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.35 (2005)
正祖代 端宗 事蹟 정비와 '君臣分義'의 확립
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.35, pp. 235-274
- King Jeongjo's decision to renovate the historical vestiges of the late King Danjong was based upon his intention to demonstrate his succession and enlargemant('繼述') of the teachings and achievements of Kings Sukjong and Yeongjo, and it was also an act of demonstrating his own political intentions. Prime examples of his intentions were the renovation of the Jagyu-ru/子規樓 tower and the construction of the Baeshik-dan/配食壇 stand(a attached stand for food-offering) at the Jangreung mausoleum. Both projects were executed in 1791, 15th year of his own reign. King Jeongjo also revised(改撰) the 『Jangreung-ji/莊陵誌(A Document regarding facts related to the Jangreung Mausoleum)』and based upon that revision newly published the 『Jangreung Sabo/莊陵史補(Supplementary comments for the History of Jangreung Mausoleum)』, in order to reorganize and publicly certificate necessary materials for honoring('褒蘚') the late King Danjong. The first draft of this document is currently in custody of the Gyujanggak Archives of the Seoul National University. King Jeongjo's philosophy of succeeding Kings Sukjong and Yeongjo was well described in the publication of the 『Gukjo Bogam/國朝寶鑑』The objective of this publication was indicated inside as 'finally performing an honorable task(志事) which have not been performed for many reigns of many Kings'. And this was the intention behind renovating historical vestiges related to the late King Danjong as well. After a long waiting King Jeongjo finally had a son, and even if it meant the delay of naming연 him the crown-prince, King Jeongjo needed a rightful cause to support and consolidate the prince's position, which would in turn ensure lasting prosperity of the Kingdom. The establishment of the Baeshik-dan stand was an action derived from such hope. It was also an act of defining the vassals' loyalty to the King as an absolute moral code. King Jeongjo had the honor of Yu Mong In/柳夢寅 restored, as that man had maintained his loyalty to King Gwanghae-gun in the past. So, in the end the renovation of historical vestiges related to the late King Danjong served as the King's requirement of the vassals, urging them to maintain their absolute loyalty to the King no matter what kind of personal qualities the King happened to bear. It was also an act of bringing an ultimate definition to the concept of "Gun-Shin Buneui/君臣分義(The proper righteousness between A king and Subjects)", which was first suggested during the reign of King Sukjong and reinforced during the reign of King Yeongjo.