S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.37 (2006)
고려 후기 시가의 계통과 형성과정 고찰
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.37, pp. 1-42
- This study looks for the formation process and lineage of the various types of poems in the Late Goryeo Period.
In the field of short size poetry, a type of single stanza form of the native poetry style had decayed since the end of the 12th century. Then around the 14th century, the pre-sijo type(前時調型) developed, making condensed and intensive expression of fragmental and momentary emotional experience.
In the field of medium size poetry, as a single stanza form, the 10-line hyangga(鄕歌) of the native poetry from Shilla Period to the middle of the 10th century style decayed. A new type of poetry, the descendent of the previous style, developed around the 12th century, expressing emotional experience while making a limited but continuous description of knowledge of objects.
Types in stanzaic form in a close relation with music complied with the needs to sing and expressed more than two emotional experiences or arguments. Included among these were a folksong type in the native poetry style and a native type based upon the former type, and several new types had sprung, since the end of the 13th century, under the influence ofChinese music and sanch"u(散曲) poetry in Yuan(元) Dynasty.
As for the long size poetry, the needs to describe a systematic and vast poetic meaning in non-stanzaic form was met partially through a new type sprung from the influence of sanch"u poetry around the end of the 13th century. However, the pre-gasa type(前歌辭型) based upon the previous native poetry style met the needs around the 14th century.