조선시대 韓中 지식인의 高句麗 인식

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서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
한국문화, Vol.38, pp. 337-366
The intellectuals in Choson dynasty regarded Koguryo as a strong nation and envied her -she was powerful enough to repulse the attacks of Sui and Tang. The intellectuals" admirations and envies of Koguryo came out mainly in the period that the Choson tried to get back the lost territory of Manchuria, period that the nation was at crisis after Japanese invasion in 1592 and Manchu"s invasion in 1636.

The contemporary Chinese intellectuals also admitted that Koguryo was tough and strong to occupy Liaotung, and they regarded Choson Korea as the successor of powerful Koguryo. In this reason, Ming China had tried to have Choson government give up the ambition to recover Koguryo"s native soil of Liaotung.

Imjinwaeran, the Japanese invasion of Choson Korea in 1592 was the turning point for Chinese intellectuals to change their recognition. They tried to find some reasons why the inheritor of powerful Koguryo had been defeated by Japanese aggressor so easily, and they concluded that Choson intellectuals" literary indulgence to the neglect of military arts are the main cause. Accordingly many Chinese commanders in chief and government officers in ChosonKorea during the war, induced Choson government to make strenuous efforts to build up military strength, and follow the example of Koguryo.

Some intellectuals in Choson Korea regarded "powerful Koguryo" as the source of self-confidence, on the other hand others gave much attentions to the side effect of the "powerful Koguryo"; They assumed critical attitudes toward the fact that Koguryo went to war with Sui and Tang relying on her strength and went to ruin. We can find these critical attitudes especially in the reign of king Sukjong(肅宗) and Youngjo(英祖). King Youngjo also condemned Youngaesomun(淵蓋蘇文) for his murder of king Youngryu(營留王) and justified Tang"s trial to conquest of Koguryo in chastising the traitor, Youngaesomun.

In short, the Korean and Chinese intellectuals in Choson period recognized that Choson Korea was the successor of powerful Koguryo, and the discourses on the "powerful Koguryo" were often utilized politically.
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Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원)Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.38 (2006)
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