S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering (건설환경공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_건설환경공학부)
Laboratory Observation of Coherent Structures beneath Microscale and Large-scale Breaking Waves under Wind Action
Cited 7 time in Web of Science Cited 7 time in Scopus
- Issue Date
- Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 32 (2008) 1232-1247
- coherent structures ; particle image velocimetry ; microscale wave breaking ; large-scale wave breaking ; vorticity
- This study presents the results of an experimental investigation of coherent structures generated beneath microscale and large-scale spilling breaking waves. By analyzing PIV velocity data of wind-generated waves that are acquired at three different wind speeds, the similarity and difference in spatio-temporal evolving characteristics of the coherent structures according to occurrence of the two types of wave breaking were investigated. There have been some researches on the coherent structures that are generated by microscale breaker. However, little has been known about the coherent structures formed underneath large-scale breaking waves. In this study, it was shown that a single strong coherent structure, whose direction of rotation of the coherent structure was the same as the wave orbital motion, is formed immediately underneath large-scale breaking crests. This was different from the processes occurring underneath microscale breakers that produce a series of coherent structures whose direction of rotation is not fixed. However, the overall evolving characteristics of the spatio-temporal evolution of the coherent structures were qualitatively the same between the two wave breaking events. As the breaker advances across the PIV field of view, the generated coherent structures interacted with pre-existing vortices and subsequently disappeared or reformed in the downwind of the breakers.
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