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Hepatitis B virus X mutations occurring naturally associated with clinical severity of liver disease among Korean patients with chronic genotype C infection

Cited 40 time in Web of Science Cited 39 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Hyun-Ju; Park, Joo-Hee; Jee, Youngmee; Lee, Seoung-Ae; Kim, Hong; Song, Byung-Cheol; Yang, Soohyun; Lee, Myunghee; Yoon, Jung-Hwan; Kim, Yoon Jun; Lee, Hyo-Suk; Hwang, Eung-Soo; Kook, Yoon-Hoh; Kim, Bum-Joon
Issue Date
2008-06-14
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Citation
J Med Virol. 80(8):1337-1343
Keywords
AdultAgedAmino Acid SequenceCarcinoma, Hepatocellular/epidemiology/physiopathology/virologyFemaleGenotypeHepatitis B virus/*classification/*genetics/pathogenicityHepatitis B, Chronic/epidemiology/*physiopathology/virologyHumansKorea/epidemiologyLiver Cirrhosis/epidemiology/physiopathology/virologyMaleMiddle AgedMolecular Sequence Data*MutationPrevalence*Severity of Illness IndexTrans-Activators/*genetics
Abstract
Few reports have detailed mutation frequencies and mutation patterns in the entire X region according to clinical status. The aims of this study were to elucidate the relationships between mutation patterns and their frequencies in the X region and clinical status in a Korean cohort and determine specific X mutation types, related closely with liver disease progression. All X mutations were determined by direct sequencing in 184 patients with different clinical features. Mutation rates in the X region in patients with more severe liver disease, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (3.6%) or liver cirrhosis (4%) were always significantly higher than in patients with corresponding less severe forms, chronic hepatitis (2.9%) or asymptomatic carriers (2.1%), but no significant difference in mutation rates was found in terms of HBeAg serostatus. All five mutation types (V5M/L, P38S, H94Y, I127T/N, and K130M and V131I) affecting the six codons were found to be related significantly to clinical severity. Among these, two mutation types (V5M/L and K130M and V131I) were observed more frequently in HBeAg negative patients than in HBeAg positive patients. In conclusion, the results suggest that an accumulation of mutations in the X region contributes to disease progression in chronic patients, at least Korean patients with genotype C. Specific mutation types appears to be related more to severe liver diseases such as HCC or liver cirrhosis. In particular, a novel mutation type (V5M/L) discovered firstly during the present study was found to be associated significantly with HCC.
ISSN
1096-9071 (Electronic)
Language
English
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=18551606

http://hdl.handle.net/10371/68232
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.21219
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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