S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Psychiatry (정신과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_정신과학전공)
Changes in twinning rates in South Korea: 1981-2002
- Hur, Yoon-Mi; Kwon, Jun Soo
- Issue Date
- Australian Academic Press
- Twin Res Hum Genet. 8(1), 76-79
- Adult; Female; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Male; Pregnancy; Pregnancy, Multiple/*statistics & numerical data; Twins
- The present study investigates the twinning rate trends in South Korea for the years 1981 to 2002 utilizing the birth record data from the South Korea National Statistical Office. The twinning rates between 1981 and 1991 remained nearly constant and were slightly less than 10 twin individuals, that is, approximately five pairs per thousand births. Since the early 1990s, however, the twinning rate has increased sharply and reached 19.30 twin individuals, that is, around 10 pairs per thousand births in the year 2002. Application of the Weinberg method to birth data for the years 2000 to 2002 revealed that the dizygotic twin rate in South Korea increased almost threefold between 1981 to 1991 and 2002. In the 1980s the effect of maternal age on twinning rates appeared to be minimal. In the 1990s, however, increases in twinning rates occurred more markedly among older mothers than among younger mothers. We speculate that the rapid rise in twinning rates in South Korea in the 1990s is probably attributable to the spread of Assisted Reproductive Technologies among older mothers who seek treatments for infertility. The present study also examined whether residing in industrial areas is associated with multiple births in the South Korean population. The results did not support the recent finding of higher twinning incidence in industrialized regions.
- 1832-4274 (Print)
- Files in This Item: There are no files associated with this item.