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Role of Purinergic Receptor in Alpha Fodrin degradation in Par C5 Cells

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dc.contributor.authorHwang, S-M-
dc.contributor.authorLi, J-
dc.contributor.authorKoo, N-Y-
dc.contributor.authorChoi, S-Y-
dc.contributor.authorLee, S. J.-
dc.contributor.authorOh, S.-B.-
dc.contributor.authorCastro, R.-
dc.contributor.authorKim, J.-S.-
dc.contributor.authorPark, K.-
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-23-
dc.date.available2010-07-23-
dc.date.issued2009-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Dental Research 88:927-932en
dc.identifier.issn0022-0345-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/68667-
dc.description.abstractAutoantibodies specific for alpha-fodrin fragments are found in the tissues of persons afflicted with Sjögren"s syndrome (SS). However, the mechanism for alpha-fodrin degradation remains elusive. The following experiments utilized Par C5 cells to examine the role of P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) in apoptosis, particularly in the cleavage and release of alpha-fodrin, an apparent SS autoantigen. Five mM ATP stimulation induced apoptotic cell death with a sustained Ca 2+ influx, which was mimicked in HEK cells transfected with P2X7R. ATP also induced cleavage of alpha-fodrin mediated by caspase-3 and calpain, releasing alpha-fodrin fragments through membrane blebs. However, both apoptotic cell death and alpha-fodrin cleavage were inhibited in the presence of 300 µM oxidized-ATP (ox-ATP), an irreversible blocker of P2X7R, or in Ca 2+ -free solution. We concluded that P2X7R plays an important role in apoptosis and alpha-fodrin degradation in salivary epithelial cells, providing an important clue elucidating the presence of alpha-fodrin fragments in SS tissues . Abbreviations : ATP, adenosine triphosphate; ROCK, Rho-associated kinase; MTT, methyl tetrazolium; PI, propidium iodide; [Ca 2+ ] i, intracellular Ca 2+ concentration; ox-ATP, oxidized ATP; RT-PCR, reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain-reaction; Ab, antibody ; SS, Sjögren"s syndrome; HEK, human embryonic kidney; HEKP2X7R, HEK293 cells expressing recombinant P2X7R; FACS, fluorescence-activated cell-sorting.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAmerican and International Associations for Dentalen
dc.subjectalpha-fodrinen
dc.subjectSjogren's syndromeen
dc.subjectP2X7 receptoren
dc.subjectsalivary epithelial cellsen
dc.titleRole of Purinergic Receptor in Alpha Fodrin degradation in Par C5 Cellsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0022034509342227-
Appears in Collections:
College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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