Root and bone response to the damage by mini-implant under orthodontic loading: Histological reaction around the mini-implant

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Baek, Seung-Hak; Lee, Yang-Ku; Kim, Jong-Wan; Kim, Tae-Woo; Chang, Young-Il

Issue Date
Angle Orthodontist / E.H Angle Education and Research Foundation
Angle Orthodontist. 2010;80:452-458
Mini-implantProximityRootPDLRoot resorptionAnkylosis
Objective: To determine the histological reaction of the root and bone as a mini-implant approaches the root.

Materials and Methods: Two kinds of mini-implants were inserted into the buccal alveolar bone of 4 beagles (2 males and 2 females). The specimens were classified as the near-root group, the PDL contact group, the root contact group, and the root perforation group. Cementum resorption, dentin resorption, cementum repair, cementum growth, ankylosis, root cracking, and root fracture were assessed as the implant neared the root.

Results: The incidence of root resorption increased when the mini-implant was less than 0.6 mm from the root in the near-root group and PDL contact group. Root cracking and root fracture occurred in the root contact group and root perforation group. Bone resorption and ankylosis were observed in some specimens. However, some specimens of the PDL contact group and root contact group had cementum growth or little root resorption despite proximity to the root. In the root perforation group, root resorption and ankylosis occurred on the side opposite the insertion.

Conclusions: There is a risk of root contact and severe tissue damage from a thick mini-implant and the drilling procedure, either of which can induce root resorption or ankylosis. Use of smaller mini-implants may reduce root contact and tissue damage. However, the small mini-implant may need enhancement of its stability.
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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