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Effect of Sodium Nitroprusside on the Activation of Mouse Osteoblastic Cells

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Authors
Shin, Myung-Mi; Kim, Gwan-Shik
Issue Date
1996
Publisher
Korean Academy of Oral Biology
Citation
Int. J. of Oral Biol. 20(1):25-30
Keywords
OsteoblastNitric oxideSodium nitroprussideAlkaline phosphataseCalcified noduleBone formation
Abstract
Nitric oxide (NO), which is produced from arginine by a nitric oxide synthase, is a short-lived free radical that plays crucial role in a variety of tissues. Recently, it has been reported that NO is produced by osteoblast stimulated by lipopolysaccharide and several cytokines. Although NO appears to inhibit osteoclastic differentiation and activation, little is known about its possible role in osteoblastic function. Therefore, the effect of sodium nitroprusside (SNP), as a donor of nitric oxide, on osteoblastic activation in terms of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and calcified nodule formation in the osteoblastic cells were studied. SNP increased not only the ALP activity but also the calcified nodule formation. ALP activity was enhanced significantly by the addition of SNP (30-300 μM)with 14-31% magnitude when compared with control. SNP also stimulated calcium phosphate - containing calcified matrix formation. The number of calcified nodules was increased significantly by continuous treatment of cultures with 30 μM SNP for 21 days. In addition to the recently reported inihbition of osteoclast function by NO, these results raise the possibility that NO could promote osteoblastic bone formation by stimulating osteoblastic function and mineralization as well.
ISSN
1226-7155
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/68840
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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