S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
Influence of TiO2 nanoparticles on the optical properties of resin composites
- Ahn, Jin-Soo; Yu, Bin; Lim, Jin Ik; Lee, Yong-Keun
- Issue Date
- Dental Materials 2009;25:1142-1147
To determine the influence of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticle addition on the opalescence, color, translucency and fluorescence of experimental resin composites.
A light curing resin matrix was made by mixing 60 wt.% Bis-GMA and 40 wt.% TEGDMA. Silane coated glass filler (mean particle size: 1.55 μm) was added in the ratio of 50 wt.% of the resin composites. A fluorescent whitening agent was also added (0.05 wt.%). TiO2 nanoparticles (<40 nm) were added with the concentrations of 0, 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5 wt.%. Reflected and transmitted colors of 1 and 2 mm thick specimens were measured relative to the illuminant D65 with reflection spectrophotometers. Opalescence parameter (OP), color difference (ΔE*ab), translucency parameter (TP), fluorescence parameter (FL), and fluorescence and opalescence spectra were calculated.
For the 1 mm thick specimens measured with 3 mm × 8 mm rectangular aperture, when the concentration of TiO2 increased from 0% to 0.5%, OP increased from 2.4 to 18.0, TP decreased from 35.4 to 13.1, and fluorescence spectra remained unchanged. Color difference between these specimens was in the range of 3.4–6.6 ΔE*ab units. OP values were significantly influenced by the thickness of the specimens and the configuration of the spectrophotometers (p < 0.05).
Addition of TiO2 nanoparticles significantly increased the opalescence of resin composites while leaving the fluorescence spectra unchanged; however, it significantly decreased the translucency and also changed the color (p < 0.05). Resin composites with 0.1–0.25% TiO2 nanoparticle would simulate the opalescence of human enamel.
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