S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
Influences of animal mucins on lysozyme activity in solution and on hydroxyapatite surfaces
- Kho, Hong-Seop; Park, Won-Kyu; Chung, Jin-Woo; Kim, Young-Ku; Chung, Sung-Chang
- Issue Date
- Archives of Oral Biology 2006;51:861-869
- The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of animal mucins on lysozyme activity in solution and on the surface of hydroxyapatite (HA) beads. The effects of animal mucins on lysozyme activity in solution were examined by incubating porcine gastric mucin (PGM) or bovine submaxillary mucin (BSM) with hen egg-white lysozyme (HEWL) or salivary samples. HA-immobilised animal mucins or lysozyme were used to determine the influence of animal mucins on lysozyme activity on HA surfaces. Lysozyme activity was determined by turbidity measurement of a Micrococcus lysodeikticus substrate suspension. Protein concentration was determined by ninhydrin assay. PGM inhibited the activity of HEWL and salivary lysozyme in solution. The amount of inhibition was dependent on mucin concentration, incubation time and temperature, and the structural integrity of the mucin. The inhibition of salivary lysozyme activity by PGM was greater in submandibular/sublingual saliva than in parotid saliva. The inhibition of lysozyme activity by PGM was markedly dependent on pH. However, BSM did not inhibit the in-solution lysozyme activities of HEWL and clarified saliva. Both PGM and BSM bound to HA surfaces, and HA-adsorbed animal mucins increased the subsequent adsorption of lysozyme. When HA beads were exposed to a mixture of HEWL and PGM or BSM, lysozyme activity on the HA surfaces was significantly increased. The results suggest that animal mucins affect lysozyme activity, and the effects are different on HA surfaces compared with in solution. Further research is needed to determine the effect of animal mucins on lysozyme activity in vivo.
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