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Proteomic profiling of endothelial cells in human lung cancer

Cited 45 time in Web of Science Cited 49 time in Scopus

Ryoo, Hyun-Mo; Park, Hye-Jeong; Kim, Byung-Gyu; Lee, Seung-Jin; Heo, Sun-Hee; Kim, Jae-Young; Kwon, Tae-Hwan; Lee, Eung-Bae; Cho, Je-Yoel

Issue Date
American Chemical Society
Journal of Proteome Research 2008, 7, 1138-1150
endothelial cellnon small cell lung carcinomaGeLC-MS/MS
Genomic and proteomic analysis of normal and diseased tissues have yielded an abundance of molecular information for diagnostic and potential therapeutic targets. Changing the target of analysis from poorly accessible cells within tissues to easily accessible vascular endothelium has theoretical advantages in tissue-specific targeting. In this study, we sought to map a large-scale proteome of microvascular endothelium in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and normal lung tissues, and identify lung cancer-related endothelial cell (EC)-selective proteins. Endothelial cells were isolated within NSCLC tissues and adjacent-normal lung tissue of lung cancer patients by using CD31-immunomagnetic beads. The complex proteins from the ECs were separated by one-dimensional gel electrophoresis, and the proteins in each gel band were digested by trypsin. Peptides were separated by online reverse-phase liquid-chromatography and analyzed by electrospray ionization (ESI) ion trap tandem mass spectrometry. Approximately 600−1000 proteins were identified in each individual sample. Five patient cases of paired individual data, extracted from the protein identification data sets of both normal- and cancer-derived ECs, were analyzed by subtractive proteomics. An average of 300 proteins was specifically identified from each lung cancer-derived EC isolate, compared to normal lung-derived ECs. With the use of several comparative analyses, we identified among those 300 proteins, 16 common candidate proteins that were detected in at least 3 of 5 cases specific to lung cancer-derived ECs. Proteins selectively identified in cancer-derived ECs, including coatomer protein complex, subunit gamma (COPG), and peroxiredoxin 4 (PRDX4), were validated by Western blot analysis. In an additional experiment in which 16 cancer samples were analyzed by immunohistochemistry, PRDX4, thymopoietin (TMPO), and COPG were confirmed to be abundantly expressed in lung cancer-derived ECs and in cancerous lung cells. Further ongoing analysis of these 16 candidate proteins will determine their potential applicability to NSCLC-specific diagnosis and therapeutics.
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