Gingival epithelial cell expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha induced by interleukin-1 beta and lipopolysaccharide.

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Jang, Ki T; Ryu, Ok H; Choi, Sun J; Linares, Ana Maria G; Song, In S; Kim, Young J; Hart, Thomas C
Issue Date
American Academy of Periodontology
Journal of Periodontology 2007;78:1627-1634
Epithelial cellgingivitisinterleukin-1betalipopolysaccharidesmacrophage inflammatory protein-1αperiodontal disease
Background: Elevated levels of the macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α) are reported in inflammatory bone diseases including periodontitis. We evaluated the ability of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) to modulate MIP-1α expression in epithelial cells, fibroblasts, and polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). We also evaluated the effect of MIP-1α as an osteoclast activating factor.

Methods: Human gingival epithelial cells and fibroblasts were obtained by primary cell culture. PMNs were isolated from healthy controls. Human MG63 osteosarcoma cells were used as osteoblastic cells. After incubation of each cell type with IL-1β, Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS, and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans LPS, MIP-1α mRNA and secreted protein levels were quantified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and immunohistochemistry. The ability of recombinant MIP-1α to induce osteoclast formation was determined by tartrate resistant acid phosphatase assay.

Results: MIP-1α expression in PMNs and gingival epithelial cells was induced by IL-1β and LPS, but neither induced MIP-1α expression in gingival fibroblasts or osteoblastic cells. MIP-1α was highly expressed in the basal epithelial layer of inflamed gingiva but not in healthy gingiva. MIP-1α induced osteoclast formation at an optimal concentration of 0.05 to 2 ng/ml.

Conclusions: MIP-1α expression by gingival epithelial cells may be important in initiating inflammation by facilitating accumulation and activation of leukocytes. The ability of MIP-1α to facilitate formation of multinuclear bone cells indicates a possible role in periodontitis-associated bone destruction. These findings indicate MIP-1α may play an important role in early and later stages of inflammatory-related periodontitis.
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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