S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Mechanical Aerospace Engineering (기계항공공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_기계항공공학부)
Design of Flapping Airfoil for Optimal Aerodynamic Performance in Low-Reynolds Number Flows
- Lee, Jung-Sang; Kim, Chongam; Kim, Kyu Hong
- Issue Date
- AIAA Journal, vol. 44, no. 9 , 2006, pp. 1960-1972
- Unsteady, viscous, incompressible flows over an airfoil under flapping motion are numerically investigated. Depending on key parameters such as Reynolds number, reduced frequency, and flapping amplitudes, a flapping airfoil could experience complex flow fields. The trailing-edge vortex plays an important role to induce inverse Kármán-vortex street which is a jetlike flow on the downstream and then generates thrust. And, the leading-edge separation vortex is closely related on the propulsive efficiency. Through careful computations of several pitching, plunging, and plunging combined with pitching modes in terms of flow and/or geometry parameters, the key physical flow phenomenon dictating the aerodynamic characteristics of flapping airfoil is identified. Based on the analysis of thrust coefficient and propulsive efficiency a new airfoil shape for optimal aerodynamic performance is proposed. The improved performance of the new flapping airfoil is validated in terms of thrust coefficient and propulsive efficiency in various low-Reynolds number flow regimes.
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