S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Energy Systems Engineering (에너지시스템공학부) Nuclear Engineering (원자핵공학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_원자핵공학과)
Numerical prediction of pellet injection effects on core plasma fueling in the KSTAR tokamak
- Issue Date
- Fusion Engineering and Design 85 (2010) 661-668
- Author's version
- Since pellet injection into tokamak plasmas has been found to be an effective method for fueling and profile modification of core plasmas in tokamak experiments, a hypothetical injection of deutrium pellets into the KSTAR tokamak is numerically simulated in this work to investigate its influences on the fueling and transport of the core plasma depending on pellet parameters. A neutral gas shielding model and a pellet drift displacement model are used to describe the ablation and mass deposition from pellets on core plasma profiles. These models are coupled with a 1.5-dimensional (1.5D) core transport code to calculate the plasma density and temperature profiles responding to pellets injected into the target plasma. The simulation results indicate that a HFS (high field side) injection achieves more effective fueling due to a deeper pellet penetration into the core plasma, compared with a LFS (low field side) injection. The plasma density is found to increase during sequential pellet injections from both HFS and LFS, but the HFS case shows better fueling performance owing to a drift of the pellet ablatant in the major radius direction resulting in the deeper pellet penetration. Increasing the size and injection velocity of the pellet contributes to enhance the fueling efficiency. However, raising the power of neutral beam injection heating reduces the fueling efficiency because the pellet mass deposition is shifted toward the edge region in high temperature plasmas. It is concluded that the pellet size and injection direction among pellet and plasma parameters have the most dominant effects on fueling performance while the pellet velocity and
heating power have relatively small influences on fueling.