Swelling-induced Ca2+ release from intracellular calcium stores in rat submandibular gland acinar cells

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Park, K; Lee, S; Elliott, A.C; Kim, J.-S; Lee, J.-H

Issue Date
Springer Verlag
Journal of Membrane Biology. 186:165-176
The effects of osmotically-induced cell swelling on cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were studied in acinar cells from rat submandibular gland using microspectrofluorimetry. Video-imaging techniques were also used to measure cell volume. Hypotonic stress (78% control tonicity) caused rapid cell swelling reaching a maximum relative volume of 1.78 - 0.05 (n = 5) compared to control. This swelling was followed by regulatory volume decrease, since relative cell volume decreased significantly to 1.61 - 0.08 (n = 5) after 10 min exposure to hypotonic medium. Osmotically induced cell swelling evoked by medium of either 78% or 66% tonicity caused a biphasic increase of [Ca2+]i. The rapid phase of this increase in [Ca2+]i was due to release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores, since it was also observed in cells bathed in Ca2+-free solution. The peak increase of [Ca2+]i induced by cell swelling was 3.40 - 0.49 (Fura-2 F340/F380 fluorescence ratio, n = 11) and 3.17 - 0.43 (n = 17) in the presence and the absence of extracellular Ca2+, respectively, corresponding to an absolute [Ca2+]i of around 1 mM. We found that around two-thirds of cells tested still showed some swelling-induced Ca2+ release (SICR) even after maximal concentrations (10?5 M-10?4 M) of carbachol had been applied to empty agonist-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ stores. This result was confirmed and extended using thapsigargin to deplete intracellular Ca2+ pools. Hypotonic shock still raised [Ca2+]i in cells pretreated with thapsigargin, confirming that at least some SICR occurred from agonist-insensitive stores. Furthermore, SICR was largely inhibited by pretreatment of cells with carbonyl cyanide m-cholorophenyl hydrazone (CCCP) or ruthenium red, inhibitors of mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake. Our results suggest that the increase in [Ca2+]i, which underlies regulatory volume decrease in submandibular acinar cells, results from release of Ca2+ from both agonist-sensitive and mitochondrial Ca2+ stores.
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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