S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
The Relationship between PTC Taster Status and Taste Thresholds in Young Adults
- Kho, Hong-Seop; Hong, Ju-Hee; Chung, Jin-Woo; Kim, Young-Ku; Chung, Sung-Chang; Lee, Sung-Woo
- Issue Date
- Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology and Endodontology 2005;99:711-715
The aim of this study was to compare taste detection and recognition thresholds of young males and females, and young phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) tasters and nontasters for stimuli representing sweet, sour, bitter, salty, and umami classes of taste sensations.
Thirty-eight men and 37 women (mean [SD] age = 24.5 [2.5] years) were classified as PTC tasters and nontasters according to their PTC recognition thresholds. Detection and recognition thresholds for the non-PTC stimuli were determined using a 2-alternative, forced choice procedure.
The detection thresholds for quinine-HCl and sucrose and the recognition threshold for quinine-HCl were significantly higher in the PTC nontasters than in the tasters. The PTC threshold showed significant correlations with detection or recognition thresholds for sucrose, sodium chloride, quinine-HCl, and monosodium glutamate. The sucrose recognition threshold was lower in women than in men.
In this study, gender and PTC taster status were found to be associated with thresholds for sucrose and quinine-HCl.
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