Browse

Bone formation at recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2-coated titanium implants in the posterior mandible (Type II bone) in dogs

Cited 0 time in Web of Science Cited 0 time in Scopus
Authors
Wikesjö, UM; Xiropaidis, AV; Qahash, M; Lim, Won Hee; Sorensen, RG; Rohrer, MD; Wozney, JM; Hall, J.
Issue Date
2008-11
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Citation
J Clin Periodontol. 35(11), 985-991
Keywords
bone morphogenetic proteindental/oral implantsdogsosseointegrationporous titanium oxiderhBMP-2tissue engineeringtitanium
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Conventional oral/maxillofacial implants reach osseointegration over several months during which the titanium fixtures interact with alveolar bone. The objective of this study was to determine if adsorbing recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) onto a titanium porous oxide (TPO) implant surface might enhance or accelerate local bone formation and support osseointegration in a large animal oral/maxillofacial orthotopic model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Endosseous implants with a TPO surface were installed into the edentulated posterior mandible in eight adult Hound Labrador mongrel dogs. The implant surface had been adsorbed with rhBMP-2 at 0.2 or 4.0 mg/ml. TPO implants without rhBMP-2 served as control. Treatments were randomized between jaw quadrants. Mucosal flaps were advanced and sutured leaving the implants submerged. Clinical and radiographic evaluations were made immediately post-surgery, at day 10 (suture removal), and week 4 and 8 post-surgery. The animals received fluorescent bone markers at week 3, 4, and at week 8 post-surgery, when they were euthanized for histologic analysis. RESULTS: TPO implants coated with rhBMP-2 exhibited dose-dependent bone remodelling including immediate resorption and formation of implant adjacent bone, and early establishment of clinically relevant osseointegration. The resulting bone-implant contact, although clinically respectable, appeared significantly lower for rhBMP-2-coated implants compared with the control [rhBMP-2 (0.2 mg/ml) 43.3+/-10.8%versus 71.7+/-7.8%, p<0.02; rhBMP-2 (4.0 mg/ml) 35.4+/-10.6%versus 68.2+/-11.0%, p<0.03]. CONCLUSIONS: rhBMP-2 adsorbed onto TPO implant surfaces initiates dose-dependent peri-implant bone re-modelling resulting in the formation of normal, physiologic bone and clinically relevant osseointegration within 8 weeks.
ISSN
0303-6979
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/69777
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01318.x.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Appears in Collections:
College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse