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A Comparative Study of National Human Resource Development Plan Implementation Systems in Korea, the United States, and Japan

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Authors
Kim, Shin Bok; Lee, Young Hwan; Jung, Do Young
Issue Date
2009
Publisher
Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University
Citation
Korean Journal of Policy Studies, Vol.23 No.2, pp. 171-188
Keywords
National Human Resource Development (NHRD) PlanStrategic PlanPolicy ImplementationComparative Study
Abstract
This article provides a comparative analysis of National Human
Resource Development (NHRD) Plan implementation in Korea, the United
States, and Japan. This study demonstrates that Korea is in a position very different
from America’s and Japan’s with their unified NHRD Plans. First, while
Korea provides systematic legal support in order to realize the NHRD Plan,
especially with the enactment of the Human Resource Development Act, Japan
and the United States lack such a legal basis. Second, from the perspective of
systems to promote cooperation and participation, Korea has a key minister in
charge of policy enforcement and an interagency process. Third, to win funding
and support from policy-makers, Korea, the United States, and Japan fully recognize
the importance of NHRD Plans and make their best efforts to win budget
and support from top decision-makers. Fourth, in terms of the substantiality of
annual enforcement plans, Korea has rather abstract criteria and less consistency
in implementation. Fifth, as far as active publicity efforts are concerned, Korea
lags behind Japan and the United States.
ISSN
1225-5017
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/69843
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총) vol.23(2) (2009)
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