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Institutions, Interests, and the Post-IMF Structural Adjustments in Korea

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Authors
Jung, Yong-duck
Issue Date
2001
Publisher
Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University
Citation
Korean Journal of Policy Studies, Vol.16 No.1, pp. 11-22
Abstract
The role of the Korean state in structural adjustments after the economic crisis of 1997 has not been much different from the economic management style of the developmental state in the past. The state's intervention in structural adjustments of the corporate and financial sectors after the currency crisis relied on the conventional approaches of the developmental state. Compared to other countries that went through similar currency crises, Korea has efficiently performed structural adjustments. The main reasons to make structural adjustments effective include the IMF's coercive institutional isomorphism toward market economy. The high autonomy and policy capabilities that the Korean state enjoys also have supported its comparative success in structural adjustments. Such a high level of state autonomy and capability has been basically supported from the Korean people on the government's economic reform ropulsion in face of the recent economic crisis. The Korean state's institutional structure including the economic policy apparatus as pilot agencies and the existence of the economic technocrats with decades' experience of mercantilism also contibuted to the persistence of the developmental state. And the structural adjustments conducted by the developmental state were a rational choice of major stakeholders trying to improve their individual welfare in the political market.
ISSN
1225-5017
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/69952
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총, KJPS)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총) vol.16(1) (2001)
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