S-Space Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원) Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과) Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총, KJPS) Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총) vol.16(1) (2001)
Mass Privatization and Economic Reform in North Korea: Towards a Hard State Approach
- Issue Date
- Korean Journal of Policy Studies, Vol.16 No.1, pp. 37-49
- As seen in Eastern European nations and former Soviet Union mass privatization is an intense political process that requires strong leadership from the top as well as bottom-up political support from workers, managers, and the population at large. Given that North Korea's productivity is likely to be in less than that of other former socialist nations, simultaneous restructuring and reform programs are essential. This makes mass privatization all the more critical. The primary goal of mass privatization plan should be to create well-functioning market economy, which is best achieved by selling off SOEs as quickly as possible. Other economic and social concerns should not detract the government. In sum, it is important to establish an economic reform agenda early; otherwise, the window of opportunity available in reforming transition economies might be lost, which will only make the reform process much harder to implement in future date.