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The bureaucratic process for introduction of Japanese Official Development Assistance (ODA) to the Republic of Korea

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Kim, Hosup

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Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University
Korean Journal of Policy Studies, Vol.2, pp. 47-66
This paper examines the following questions: how the ROK government formulates its request for
Japanese Official Development Assistance (ODA), and how the Japanese government makes ODA
decisions with respect to the ROK. It will focus mainly on the bureaucrutic decision-making process of
the two governments: the process by which a project is selected, and the criteria employed in that
process. The unit of analysis of this paper is a project which is funded by Japanese ODA, as an
output of organizations.
The basic scheme of decision-making in the introduction of Japanese ODA to developing countries
consists of three stages. First, the would-be recipient country prepares its annual plan for using
Japanese ODA, and presents it to the Japanese government. Next, the Japanese government reviews
the request and decides whether or not to provide its ODA to the projects. Third, after the Japanese
government informs the recipient government that it has decided to fund a project, the recipient
government selects a supplier of goods and necessary services to begin implementation of the project.
This paper concerns mainly with the first and the second stage.
This paper concludes that the Japanese government always tries to apply the formal pattern of (1)
recipient's request→ (2) Japanese decision→ (3) implementation, to all recipient countries regardless
of the time frame and of the nature of the projects.
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