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한국입법과정에 대한 고찰
A study on the legislative process of the Republic of Korea

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Authors
진재훈
Issue Date
1986
Publisher
Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University
Citation
Korean Journal of Policy Studies, Vol.1, pp. 181-189
Abstract
In view of the importance of Parliamentary System and legislation, this paper tries to examine
the formal legislative procedure and its actual workings in the National Assembly of the Republic
of Korea in order to find out some characteristic features of the legislative process and to suggest
some improvements of the current practices. We found that the characteristic features of legislative
procedure in the Korean National Assembly are as follows; First, deliberations at the standing
committees occupy the central importance in the entire legislative process. Second, those legislative
procedures which require open-door sessions have usually been inaccessible by the public due to short
notice and lack of practice of public hearings. And thus the sub-committees have been held either at
a closed-session, or at a corner of the lobby, excluding many aspirants of observers. Third, judicial
review and presidential veto as a check and controlling mechanism on the law making process have
played very insignificant role. Fourth, the Executive Branch has the superior position in the
legislative process compared with the Legislative Branch; that is, the Executive Branch can exert
greater influence in the submission, deliberation, and passage of the bills. Finally, the 38.1% 1,467
laws of the total 3,853 laws promulgated by the president have been propose by non-representatives.
This may be one of the reasons why the general public has low respect and trust in the legislative
process and the parliamentary democracy.
ISSN
1225-5017
Language
Korean
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/70408
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총, KJPS)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총) vol.01 (1986)
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