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The Ideology of Economic Development And Its Impact on Policy Process

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Issue Date
1986
Publisher
Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University
Citation
Korean Journal of Policy Studies, Vol.1, pp. 28-46
Abstract
As one of a series of studies on dominant political ideologies and their impact on Korean policy
process, this paper deals with the ideology of economic development which has overwhelmingly
dominated Korean policy process in the 1960's and 1970's. The paper identifies some impacts of the
ideology on non-economic policies such as environmental, welfare and labor policies. The government
tried very hard to contain any anti-developmental movement in these policies. Slightly different
impacts are discerned in the case of economic policy process. Technocratic, secretive and speedy decision
making, coercive implementation and overemphasis on visible and quantifiable performance criteria
are all due, at least partly, to this ideology. All these impacts intensified the already-prevalent phenomenon
of "Government-Leads-People-Follow", resulting in the exclusion of people from the policy
process. Moreover, they also strengthened the centralization of the already over-centralized Korean
political system. They intensified the concentration of power in the executive branch vis-a-vis its
legislative counterpart. This paper indicates the necessity for similar studies which will deal with
the brighter side of the economic development ideology and its interaction with the ideology of
national security. The destiny of these two ideologies will largely determine the future of democratic
policy process in Korea: An important theme for another study.
ISSN
1225-5017
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/70418
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총, KJPS)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총) vol.01 (1986)
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