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Projective Feature Geometry: a Case Study in Korean Assimilation

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Authors
Kuroda, S.-Y.
Issue Date
2004
Publisher
Institute for Cognitive Science, Seoul National University
Citation
Journal of Cognitive Science, Vol.5 No.1, pp. 73-105
Abstract
The Korean assimilation observed in §2 (and §4) is explained as the
combined effects of the two independent rules:
(52) Rule 1. Spread CONT to the left.
Rule 2. Spread NASAL
Rule 1 is asymmetric and unidirectional. The unidirectionality is empirically
dictated, by the fact that the sonorant (and spirant) assimilation does not apply
progressively. However, this fact is a manifestation of the universal tendency
that the succeeding onset may not be more sonorant than the preceding coda:
the Syllable Contact Law cited by Iverson and Sohn (1992:81).
Rule 2 is symmetric and non-directional; the direction is determined by the
context of application. The rule functions (i) as assimilation between
consonants in the consonantal context, thus as nasalization as in (41) as well as
spirantization (40), and (ii) as assimilation between sonorants (ii-a) as
lateralization in the sonorant context, (ii-a.1) either derived (43) or (ii-a.2)
underlying (45), (47) and also (ii-b) as nasalization (failed latelarization) due to
the intervention of structure preservation (44), (46) and, finally, (iii) the rule
fails to cause assimilation due to conflicting forces among the two assimilation
rules and the structure preservation constraint (48).
Let us also note that no assimilation takes place in the sequence of a
sonorant followed by an obstruent. The sequence NQ is affected neither by
Rule 1 nor by Rule 2. It is not affected by Rule 1, because it spreads only to the
left; it is not affected by Rule 2, because NASAL linked to Q to the right is delinked due to structure preservation: no nasal obstruent can exist in the
lexicon. Neither Rule 1 nor Rule 2 affects LQ.
ISSN
1598-2327
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/70734
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Institute for Cognitive Science (인지과학연구소)Journal of Cognitive Science (인지과학작업)Journal of Cognitive Science (인지과학작업) vol.05 (2004)
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