S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute for Cognitive Science (인지과학연구소) Journal of Cognitive Science (인지과학작업) Journal of Cognitive Science (인지과학작업) vol.06 (2005)
Defining Structural Similarity
- Gentner, Dedre; Markman, Arthur B.
- Issue Date
- Journal of Cognitive Science, Vol.6 No.1, pp. 1-20
- There is general agreement that structural similarity—a match in relational
structure—is crucial in analogical processing. However, theories differ in their
definitions of structural similarity: in particular, in whether there must be
conceptual similarity between the relations in the two domains or whether
parallel graph structure is sufficient. In two studies, we demonstrate, first, that
people draw analogical correspondences based on matches in conceptual
relations, rather than on purely structural graph matches; and, second, that
people draw analogical inferences between passages that have matching
conceptual relations, but not between passages with purely structural graph
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