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An Experimental Syntactic Study of Binding of Multiple Anaphors in Korean

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Authors
Kim, Ji-Hye; Yoon, James Hye Suk
Issue Date
2008
Publisher
Institute for Cognitive Science, Seoul National University
Citation
Journal of Cognitive Science, Vol.9 No.1, pp. 1-30
Keywords
AnaphorsBinding Theorylong-distance bindingUniversal GrammarKorean
Abstract
In this paper we investigated the binding behavior of three Korean reflexives
— caki, casin, and caki-casin — through a Truth Value Judgment Task with
pictures and found that while caki and caki-casin pattern as claimed in the
theoretical literature, as a long-distance and a local anaphor respectively, native
Korean speakers differ in how they treat casin. While the speakers as a group
treat casin as an LDA, individual results revealed a bimodal distribution, with
one group of speakers consistently treating casin as an LDA and another, smaller, group consistently treating it as a local anaphor. This distribution is
puzzling in that the grammar of speakers who treat casin as a strictly local
anaphor appears to violate the cross-linguistic generalization that
morphologically simple reflexives are long-distance anaphors. We show that
this problem is only apparent, since the bare form casin lends itself to two
different structural analyses. In addition, we show that the greater percentage of
speakers who treat casin as an LDA reflects an ongoing change in the grammar
of Korean, where casin is both increasing in frequency and taking on more longdistance
antecedents. This assessment is supported by the sociolinguistic profiles
of speakers we tested as well as the frequency and distribution of casin in Bible
translations.
ISSN
1598-2327
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/70848
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Institute for Cognitive Science (인지과학연구소)Journal of Cognitive Science (인지과학작업)Journal of Cognitive Science (인지과학작업) vol.09 (2008)
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