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신 앗시리아 제국기의 앗슈르 신앙 : 사회 상징으로서의 앗슈르
The Assur cult of the Neo-Assyrian period : Assur as He symbol of society

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Authors
이승훈
Issue Date
2009
Publisher
서울대학교 종교학연구회
Citation
종교학연구, Vol.28, pp. 131-151
Keywords
앗슈르뒤르케임사회상징앗슈르의 상징AssurDurkheimsocietysymbolSymbol of Assur
Abstract
Though being the supreme deity of the Assyrian pantheon,
little is known about the characteristics of the god Assur and his
cult. In this paper, I will briefly describe the god and his cult
and examine the possibility that the god ASSur was the symbol
of the Assvriar, society, and probably personified society itself.
Such aspect of the god has been mentioned in many literatures
but it has no'; been dealt throughly on theoretical basis. I
believe that French sociologist E.Durkheim's theory about the
society and religion (in The Elementary Forms of Religious Life)
explains the relation between the God Assur and the Assyrian
society best. He says that a Totemtor God) is not merely a
name but the symbol of a certain clan. and the materially
manifested symbols become the part of cult, which makes a
totem not only the symbol of a society but also gives religious
characters to it.
Assur was wors hipped throughout the Assyrian period but I
chose the Neo-Assvrian period because many evidence from that
period support the hypothesis. 'The god Assur is Assyria itself".
First of all, the name Assur was used by the majority of the
Assyrian kings in their throne-names and epithets. The fact that
the name was used by the highest echelon of society may
support that the god did not only exist in name but the
symbol/name of the society. And secondly, Assur also had its symbol like 'weapons of ASSur', which became the subject of his
cult throughout the empire. Why his symbol was a weapon? it
can be better understood with his description as a warrior-god.
In the Neo-Assyrian literatures. Assur is described as a
divine-warrior who helps the King vanquish his (and Assur's)
enemies and in some cases. he himself destroys them.
Nee-Assyrian period saw the greatest enlargement of the
Assyrian empire and the empire itself was fighting wars at every
known corners of western Asia and northern Africa. The
described warrior-god ASSur would be actually personified 'The
Assyrian society at war'.
In general, judging the evidence on Durkbeim's theory, the
god ASSur was actually symbol of the Assyrian society. He had
his own symbol of cult and it was a weapon. With the
description of 'warrior', he was probably the personification of
the Assyrian society at war.
Language
Korean
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/70964
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Religious Studies (종교학과)종교학연구(Journal of Religious Studies) 종교학연구(Journal of Religious Studies) 28집(2009)
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