해방공간의 한국미술 : 서구문화 수용과 민족정체성 구현의 문제
Adoption of Western Culture and Embodiment of Korean Identity in Modern Korean Art of the 1950s
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 미술대학 조형연구소
- 造形 FORM, Vol.24, pp. 14-25
- Following the Korean War and Independence in 1945, South Koreans attempted to establish a modem Korean government and to construct a new society. This reconstruction called for the adoption of Western culture and embodiment of Korean identity at the same time. This was reflected in Korean art of the 1950s, which combined Japanese influence during colonization and Western influence after the Korean War. This paper will examine modem Korean art by asking the question, How was Korean traditional art reinterpreted when modem Korean artists accepted the influence of Western culture? The relationships between artists, the art world, and art education are investigated, in order to understand the 50's cultural environment. Previous studies have looked at art or the art world, or art education in isolation from one another, and therefore they could not explain the big picture of art, the art world, art education within the context of the 50's Korea. During the 50s, when Korean artists accepted the Western art world, they reconstructed modem Korean art. was organized during this time and exhibited the academic style of artworks by Ko Hee dong, Lee Jong-woo, and Do Sang-bong, all influenced by Impressionism in Japanese art. Additionally, with the publication of the first art journal in 1956 and the opening of the modem structure of galleries at the center of Seoul, Korean artists had more diverse opportunities to exhibit their works of art.