Convergence towards the Revealed Comparative Advantage Neutral Point for East Asia: Similarities and Differences between the Three Countries

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Sanidas, Elias; Shin, Yousun
Issue Date
Institute of Economic Research, Seoul National University
Seoul Journal of Economics, Vol.24 No.1, pp. 21-50
Revealed comparative advantageBalassa’s and normalized indicesGaltonianRobustQuantile regressionsConvergenceEast Asia
The aim of this study is to use two main revealed comparative

advantage (RCA) indices (Balassas and the most recent normalized

indices) and various quantitative techniques in order to systemically

and rigorously draw some conclusions as to comparative advantage

(CA) of the three East Asian countries. We use both HS 2-digit and

4-digit data to see how the three countries perform in RCA from 1995

to 2008. Overall, we find that there still exists a strict hierarchy in

terms of CA in the three East Asian countries, although there is also

a catching up process between them with a convergence towards a

more competitive structure of RCA in exports. This mainly means

that Japan and Korea are already in the process of converging

towards the RCA neutral point (thus sectors that had RCA in 1995

get worse and sectors that did not have RCA in 1995 get better).

However, Chinas position is still different from that of the other two

countries (overall it might still be in the process of divergence).
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Institute of Economics Research (경제연구소)Seoul Journal of EconomicsSeoul Journal of Economics vol.24 no.1~4 (2011)
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