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Policy Liberalism and Political Institutions

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Authors
Kim, Chon-Kyun
Issue Date
2010
Publisher
Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University
Citation
Korean Journal of Policy Studies, Vol.25 No.2, pp. 1-12
Keywords
liberalismsocial welfarepublic policypolitical partypresident
Abstract
This paper examines the impacts of political institutions, especially a
president’s party affiliation and job performance, on the generosity of social
welfare benefits, which are one of the characteristics of policy liberalism,
through an investigation of U.S. social welfare expenditures. Findings indicate
that a president’s party affiliation is a key predictor of his policy preferences,
agendas, and policy liberalism or conservatism despite institutional and political
constraints, whereas a president’s job performance, measured by either success
on congressional votes or job approval, is not linked to the generosity of social
welfare benefits. In an age of global capitalism undergoing radical changes in
the political and economic environment, however, a president’s party affiliation
is not a crucial indicator of policy preferences or policy liberalism/conservatism.
Additionally, political leaders’ policy preferences and tools appear to determine
more significantly the destiny of welfare programs than a president’s job performance
or economic conditions like unemployment.
ISSN
1225-5017
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/73189
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총) vol.25(2) (2010)
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